Bitwise self-operators

Bitwise self-operators
These operators work only on integer operands.
The syntax is:

<target> |= <right_operand>
<target> &= <right_operand>
<target> ^= <right_operand>
<target> >>= <right_operand>
<target> <<= <right_operand>

<target> must be an existing variable and contain a numeric value. <right_operand> must evaluate to a numeric value. If <target> or <right_operand> are floating point values then they are truncated and converted to integers.
Note that if you want <right_operand> to be a result of an expression, you must enclose it in the $(*) expression evaluation call.
Operator |= computes <target> bitwise-or <right_operand> and stores the result in <target>.
Operator &= computes <target> bitwise-and <right_operand> and stores the result in <target>.
Operator ^= computes <target> bitwise-xor <right_operand> and stores the result in <target>.
Operator >>= shifts <target> <right_operand> bits to the right and stores the result int <target>.
Operator <<= shifts <target> <right_operand> bits to the left and stores the result int <target>.
Note that "!=" is not available. You must use %a = $(!%b) to implement it.
For operators >>= and <<= <right_operand> must be a positive integer.
Examples

    %a = 1
    echo %a
    %a |= 2
    echo %a
    %a &= 2
    echo %a
    %a ^= 1
    echo %a
    %a >>= 2
    echo %a
    %a <<= 1
    echo %a

See also
operators


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